Parents, teachers, and therapists need to understand typical child development and be aware of developmental milestones. If we know what to expect when it comes to development, then we will know when to consult with the pediatrician if a developmental problem is suspected. For this reason, I am happy to share a series of posts that will include developmental milestone charts for infants and children ranging in age from birth to 6 years of age. Here is the developmental milestone chart for an infant ranging in age from birth to 3-months.
The project above was completed by one of our Master's of Occupational Therapy students at The University of Tennessee Health Science Center and posted with permission.
Wednesday, August 16, 2017
Friday, August 11, 2017
Infant Positioning, Baby Gear Use, and Cranial Asymmetry
Anne H. Zachry · Vikki G. Nolan · Sarah B. Hand · Susan A. Klemm
Methods: The study employed a cross sectional survey of caregivers of typically developing infants and infants diagnosed with cranial asymmetry.
Results: Caregivers of children who are diagnosed with cranial asymmetry report their children spending significantly less time in prone play than those children without
a diagnosis of cranial asymmetry. Side-lying and time spent in baby gear did not attain statistical significance.
Conclusions for Practice: Occupational therapists, physical therapists, pediatricians, nurses and other health care professionals must provide parents with early education about the importance of varying positions and prone play in infancy and address fears and concerns that may serve as
barriers to providing prone playtime.
Click on the following link to access the article: http://rdcu.be/ujm2
Sunday, May 21, 2017
Photo by Sattva @ Freedigitalphotos.net
Try these activities with children who have tactile sensitivity. Any child's sensory system will benefit from these activities, defensive or not. Just be sure and remember to start slowly, and DO NOT force any input that your child resists. If your little one is extremely resistant, it’s probably time to consult your pediatrician and ask about the possibility of occupational therapy. There are more advanced treatments that can only be carried out under the supervision of a therapist.
- Spend a few extra minutes after bath time to vigorously rub the child with a towel, or guide them in doing so.
- Rub lotion or powder on the legs, hands and arms while singing (for distraction purposes). Let them also rub the lotion or powder on you, especially if they won’t tolerate it on their own extremities.
- Pretend face washing or shaving- with different textures of cloth or towels.
- Use a variety of textured materials such as corduroy, fur, terry cloth, etc. and rub on your child’s back, arms and legs.
- Put textured mittens or puppets on child’s hands and let him or her take them off.
- Encourage your child to play in binds of sand, rice, beans or popcorn. Hide items and have the child locate them, guessing what they are while still covered. If your child won’t touch the textures, provide cups and shovels for play.
- Have the child roll up in a blanket or sheet, then play hot dog – press on mustard, relish, etc., and then have them roll out.
- Put shaving cream, lotion, or pudding on a large piece of aluminum foil and have the child draw a picture or write spelling words. Be sure to get both hands messy!
- Finger painting or body painting with water-based paints.
- Play in play dough or putty. Pulling, squeezing, rolling, etc.
- Draw numbers/letters on the child’s back, arms, lets, etc. and have him identify. You can make it a multiple choice or yes-no question - Is this a 2 or a 5?
- Provide activities that provide tactile input on the child’s entire body, such as a kid pool full of styrofoam, big soft pillows, or balls.
- Games with physical contact are good – bear hugs, piggyback rides, wrestling, back rubs, petting animals.
- Identifying objects with eyes closed – keys, comb, marble, block, coins, shapes, etc.
Sunday, March 26, 2017
Parents and caregivers need to have a basic understanding of developmental milestones in childhood. This knowledge will be helpful when encouraging your child come up with ideas for play.
Here is a brief early developmental milestone chart of skills that influence play. Please keep in mind that all children develop at their own individual rates, so the ages for acquiring these milestones may vary from child to child.
Begins to show interest in and curiosity about the environment – 4 to 6 months
Object permanence emerging/pointing to pictures and objects- 10 months to 1 year
Imitation and solitary play skills- 1 year to 15 months
Parallel play and symbolic play- 2 years
Interactive play and taking turns- 2 ½ to 3 years
Tuesday, February 28, 2017
For free visual perceptual worksheets, click on the following links:
Sunday, January 8, 2017
This book is perfect for use at home or in a therapy session. Use it to help your child improve his dexterity and gain confidence in his abilities!
Sign up for a chance to win your own copy of "Fine Motor ABC" by following my blog (lower right side of this page) or click HERE to order a copy on Amazon!
Saturday, December 3, 2016
Coloring is a great way to develop fine motor skills! Encourage your child to color these free holiday coloring pages, and she will have fun while developing her fine motor skills. To encourage a proper grasp, break crayons into small pieces. This requires the use of the thumb, index, and middle fingers to hold the crayon pieces when coloring, which lays the foundation for a more mature pencil grasp in the future. Enjoy these free holiday coloring pages! Happy holidays!